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Hamlet: The Masterpiece Of Shakespeare

Paper Type: Free Essay Subject: English Literature
Wordcount: 1483 words Published: 11th May 2017

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Hamlet revolves around the notions of deep revenge, psychological problems which are similar to madness and portrays political and ethical corruptions of the time. It also portrays the dual nature of humans, which freud compares to bi-polar personalities and with the perdicament of choosing the right path by denying the wrong one. The central theme of the play revolves around Hamlet himself. Shakespeare has expressed his major concerns of the time by knitting it into the play, which includes the relationship among the real life and theatre.

Hamlet has given birth to various researchers and debate in the field of psychology, sociology and lingustic by revolutionizing the ideas of madness, feminism and corruption.

Feminist theory is considered to be amongst the most dynamic and lively forms of literary theories. Nevertheless, there is no proticular defitions of feminist theory. Generally speaking, feminish theory revolevs around the promotion of female identity, and highlights their rights. In literature, feminish theory also encouaghes the women to participate in literary writings. As a literary theory, feminish theory argues the concepts within various cultures and communites that arrange numerous gender based identities that is difference between women and men as a whole. This theory also offers critical view of male dominated society and cultures and puts it emphasis upon female authtors and the experiences of women (Booth, 137)

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Experts believe that feminish theory in the play Hamlet revolves around the central characters of Ophelia and Gertrude. In te sense, alarge number of feminish theory researches has focused their attention of the character Ophelia. Feminish theoretical reading of hamlet shows that the character and personality of Ophelia is highly driven by madness all through the play and perhaps, ultmate suicide is figured as being subdued, maltreated, uncared for and relinquished by numerous male characters all throught the play Hamlet just because of her gender and sexuality.

The character Ophelia is thnen given a clear lack of contemplation provided to the feminish in Hamlet, along with the incapabillity for male characters in the play to recognize the dilemma and psycologies of females. This type of feminish approach in the play portrays sexist and masculine and provides a view of male-dominated and patrichal society. The play slo shows that the female characters in the Hamlet are used to review the kind fo male dominated society in which the author lived himself.

Cynicism, sadness and misery are the emotions agitating in the young Hamlet+s mind as he tries to overcome his father�s death and his mother�s illegitmate marriage. Hamlet throughout the play tries to figure out the murderer, while embarking on a journey full of idealism. If we apply the psychological theory to Hamlet we will come to know that Prince Hamlet has constantly tried to distinguish amongst them. Nevertheless, in act 2, scene 2, between the conversation of Rosenkrantz and Guildenstern, Shakespere tries to show the hamlet�s view of the universe and mankind (booth, 176)

It�s a know fact that famous psychologists like Jung and Freud have benefited from the works of Shakespeare and have based their theories and ideas by analyzing Hamlet in great detail.

From the start of the play, the themes of delusion and deceit have been carefully constructed. The compelete royal court is intended in a series of surveillance, disloyalty, and malice. As polonius puts it so perfectly: “And thus do we of wisdom and reach by indirections find directions out” (Bradley, 20)

The numerous lies and trickery voiced in Hamlet are articulated through expressive, recognized, poetic language, equivalent to an art form. Consequently, when the pretences of delusion are left in Act 2, Scene 2, the language is written in direct prose.

If we further compare Hamlet in relation to psychological theory, we will come to know that Freud�s psychoanalytical ideas and notions of human provides a through andd deeper understanding of the human relationships in Shakespeare�s Hamlet.

Freud has based his theory of desire in his work The interpretation of Dreams as one of the most general of the subdued desires is to wish the sexual possessment of the parents. Freud termedd this theory as “Oedipus Complex”. This theory is inspired after the legendary Oedipus who killed his father and married his mother without knowing that they were his parents. In hamlet this has remained reserved due to the fact that its reality emerges onyl through the effects which continued from it.

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Ernest jones (Freud�s student) explains that in Hamlet, with his father�s death and after the illegal and illicity marriage of this mother which was done in haste takes places, presents the strong idea of sexuality directed towards his mother and so this area of his subliminal psychology enters into the relationship with his family. Gertrude�s notion of sexuality also overruns the play and ever long subdued wish to take hold of the position which his father held and was automatically encouraged by the sigh f somebody else taking this long desirable place. Hamlet becomes highly shocked due to the truth that Claudius is his father�s brother and to Hamlet this seems to be adultery (council, 52)

When Hamlet�s father is murdered and his mother marries again, Hamlet develops and urge for revenge. Hamlet believes that by doing this he can gain respect of his father by becoming a dominant male and authoritate figure head. By this, it means that hamlet can easily take on the qualities of the father. Wish accomplishment is longing, instinctivively stiumlated, to accomplish those things, which provide us with delight. This satisfaction according to experts is the best theme of the psyche but it never differs with the basic human nature or drives.

The question still renders the thoughts even today that whether it is the Gertrude�s submissiveness that has portrayed Hamlet as an inquitous mother. The picture of the hamlet mother is such that even hamlet feels that his body is been deecrated by the actions of his mother. The submissiviness has reached such an extent that hamlet wishes for death in order to escape this state. Today, the world has been transformed into a harden which is driven by the thoughts of greed and nature is left far behind.

Hamlet also believes that his personal body has been tainted by his mother�s deeds and he desires for death so that he can be freed from the mental anguish which he is suffering from. Hamlet is in such psychological state that he looks tired, decayed and unexcited. Freud believes that whichever course is taken into the cataleptic is all about sex. The motifs and themes of the insentinent consists mainly of sexual wishes which have been subsued. Freud also says that sexual desires are basic human needs and are intrinsic in nature. He also belives that such desires usually appear in the most essential acts in the progression of development, like in a mother nursing an infant. Throughout the years huamsn have believed food, shelted and clothing to be the fundamental part of living. Freud has added sexual desires to that list. He explains that the initial experiences are developed of how one experiences personal body and ultimately experience sex. This idea as been grealy influenced by the play Hamlet and how we experience various sexual pleasures. Freud has divided the stages into various segments from infancy to being adult (Bradley, 21)

An analysis of the social grid reveals that it is made up of complex forces. Foucault refers to them as power i e., the productive, elevated and moderate discoures that fall under the authorized “agenda”. Contemporary historicism aims at gathering the allocation of power and the service of objectives which dictate the depriction of the past referred to as history. History is means to be narrative which tends to be depticted in a language that is protean and inclused randomly assigned worth.

The inflection is for the culture which permits a socio-historical vantage. It is a perspective which cannot be achieved in an objective form. In fact, the sole believe in the subsequent and attainable “validity” of such objectives has a history of itself. A great and powerful Oz hides behind the curtain which allows the person to see a version which is both ideologically and politically charged. Similarly, Coddon�s essay on the idea of politiczation and subjectivity in Hamlet seems to be backed up by approaches of psycholanalysis, deconstruction and Marxist values. It also demonstrates the current indemnity of New Historicism and its status as an unasserted distinct identy (council, 52)


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